• Distinguish among observed inheritance patterns caused by several types of genetic traits (dominant, recessive, codominant, sex-linked, polygenic, incomplete dominance, multiple alleles).
  • Describe how Mendel’s laws of segregation and independent assortment can be observed through patterns of inheritance (e.g., dihybrid crosses).
  • Use a Punnett Square to determine the probabilities for genotype and phenotype combinations in monohybrid crosses.


allele      dominant allele      recessive allele     heterozygous      homozygous      genotype       phenotype     dihybrid cross    Punnet Square     polygenic      mutations      independent assortment     incomplete dominance     codominance     sex-linked inheritance     autosomal inheritance