Objectives

  • Describe the cell cycle and the process of mitosis.  
  • Explain the role of mitosis in the formation of new cells.
  • Describe how the process of meiosis results in the formation of haploid cells.
  • Explain why offspring are not genetic clones of their parents or siblings.
  • Describe how gametes form diploid zygotes in the process of fertilization.

 Vocabulary

gamete     zygote     interphase     prophase     metaphase      anaphase    telophase    cytokinesis    cell plate      chromosomes      asexual reproduction      centrioles      spindle fibers     sister chromatids     centromeres    cleavage furrow     crossing over     recombination     independent assortment     mutation    haploid     diploid